logo

< Back AMARANTE, PURPLEHEART (Peltogyne paniculata)

< Back

AMARANTE, PURPLEHEART (Peltogyne paniculata)

Trade Name

Amarante, Purpleheart

Scientific Name

Peltogyne paniculata Benth.

Family

LEGUMINOSAE

Common Names

Violeta (Brazil); Roxinho (Brazil); Pau-Roxo-Da-Várzea (Brazil); Pau-Roxo (Brazil); Guaré (Brazil); Cinzeiro (Brazil); Guarabu (Brazil); Tananeo; Morado; Pau Roxo (Brazil); Purperhart; Sakavalli; Saka; Koroboreli; Violetwood; Purpleheart; Bois Pourpre; Pourpre; Bois Violet; Sakaballi; Sapater; Zapatero; Sacka; Palo Morado; Palo Cocha; Nazareno; Violet; Tannaneo; Violet Wood; Marawineroo; Koruburelli; Kooroobooelli; Amarante; Amaranth; Amaranto; Purple Wood; Purple Heart

Scientific Name Synonyms

Peltogyne venosa (Vahl) Benth.; Peltogyne pubescens Benth. ; Peltogyne confertiflora (Hayne) Benth.; Peltogyne amplissima Pittier; Hymenaea venosa Vahl; Hymenaea confertifolia Hayne

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

Two sub-species with similar wood characteristics and distribution are reported, P. paniculata ssp paniculata and ssp pubescens. Some variation is reported according to the species, but it is often about 25 to 35 m in height, with a trunk diameter of abou

Natural Distribution

This species is reported to be widely distributed all over Central and northern South America.

Non Timber Uses

The wood presents gums which affect wood processing.

View More Information

Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples. Tangential diameter of vessel lumina 100 micras or less (very small). Occasionally vessels with colored deposits. Occasionally white deposits in heartwood vessels. Vessels per mm2 10 to 20 (a Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Occasionally pith fleck. Occasionally axial parenchyma storied. Prismatic crystals in cha Rays non-storied. Rays 1 to 4 seriate. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Tangential Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section

Availability

Cites Status

Unrestricted

General Wood Description

Odor

The wood has no specific odor or taste.

Color

The sapwood is white, clearly differentiated from the heartwood which is dark red to purple when dry.

COLOR INDEX (1=Black, 7=Light yellow,white)

3

Grain

The grain is typically straight or wavy and sometimes interlocked.

Texture

Texture is mostly fine to medium.

Luster

The wood exhibits a moderate to high luster.

Natural Durability

The heartwood is resistant to decay fungi attack and to termites, but it is less resistant to marine borers.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)

2

Resistance To Impregnation

It is very difficult to treat, but for most applications preservative treatments are not required.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)

0.71

Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)

0.80

Total shrinkage Tangential (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

6.8

Total shrinkage Radial (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

4.4

Drying Defects

Drying Defects: Risk of checking and warping is reported. Kiln Schedules: Slow drying is recommended.

Recommended Dry Kiln Schedule

UK-E; US-T6-D2

Dimensional stability ratio (Total Tangential Shrinkage %/Total Radial Shrinkage %)

1.6

Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

842

Compression perpendicular to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

203

Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

156

Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)

1197

Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)

1343

Workability

Sawing

The wood is hard and it contains resins that affect sawing.

Rotary Veneer Cutting

This species is interesting for slicing, thermal treatments are recommended.

Sliced Veneer

This species is interesting for slicing, thermal treatments are recommended.

Blunting Effect

It is considered to have a moderate blunting effect on the cutting elements.

Machining

Peltogyne is reported to be moderately difficult to work in most machining operations including planing, turning, boring, and molding. They respond rather poorly to ordinary tools, and working with dull cutters may cause the wood to heat up.

Planing

A reduction of the cutting angle to 15 degrees is required, when wavy or interlocked material is present, to obtain satisfactory results in planing.

Turning

30

Nailing

It has a tendency to split. Pre-boring is indispensable.

Gluing

The timber is reported to glue well.

Sanding

It is easy to sand.

Finishing

Organic solvents remove the characteristic purple color. To preserve the natural color, wax finishing is recommended.

Steam Bending

The wood steam bends fairly well.

Response To Hand Tools

Response to hand tools is reported to be only fair.

REFERENCED USES

End Uses Summary

HOUSING GENERAL, beams, flooring, parquet, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, luxury furniture, cabinets, TURNING, TOOLS, tool handles, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, coffin

General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
Beams
  • 11 - Prospect: The wood database
Flooring
  • 14 - Handbook of Hardwoods
Parquet
  • 15 - Empire Timbers
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Furniture, Luxury
  • 22 - Dry kiln schedules for commercial woods. Temperate and tropical. Section IV-Asian and Oceanian Woods
Cabinet
  • 24 - Empire Timbers
Turning
  • 30 - Embassy of Honduras in Japan
Tools
  • 42 - Utilización Industrial de Nuevas Especies Forestales en el Perú.
Tool Handles
  • 43 - Maderas de Bolivia (Características y Usos de 55 Maderas Tropicales)
Shipbuilding
  • 55 - Tropical Timber Atlas of Latin America
Handcraft
  • 66 - Maderas latinoamericanas. VII. Caracteristicas anatomicas. propiedades fisicomecanicas, de secado, y tratabilidad de la madera juvenil de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. Oken.)
Coffin
  • 78 - Amazonian Timbers for the International Market

Please Provide Information To View Producer Information

* Or, continue as guest