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ALBIZIA (Albizia procera)

Trade Name

Albizia

Scientific Name

Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth.

Family

LEGUMINOSAE

Common Names

Brown albizia (Papua New Guinea); White siris (Australia); Muoofng xanh (Vietnam); Kokko-sit (Myanmar); Tall albizia (United States of America); Ki hiyang (Indonesia); Wangkal (Indonesia); Weru (Indonesia); Tho:n (Laos); Thing thon (Thailand); Forest albizia (United States of America); Suan (Thailand); Akleng parang (Philippines); Tri:ehs (Cambodia); Tramkang (Cambodia); Sitpen (Myanmar); Sit (Myanmar)

Scientific Name Synonyms

Mimosa procera Roxb.; Feuilleea procera (Roxb.) Kuntze; Acacia procera (Roxb.) Willd.

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

It is a small to medium tree, rarely exceeding 33 m high, usually without buttresses.

Natural Habitat

Albizia trees are described as a pioneer species in open, secondary or primary deciduous or monsoon forest and savanna and scrub vegetation.

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Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Colored deposits in heartwood vessels. Vestured pits. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits small, 7 micras or less. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Prismatic crystals in chambered axial parenchyma cells and/or in fibers. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Fibers with distinctly bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Radial Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section

Availability

Cites Status

Unrestricted

General Wood Description

Color

The heartwood is pale brown to dark reddish-brown or golden-brown, sharply demarcated from the white to straw-colored sapwood.

COLOR INDEX (1=Black, 7=Light yellow,white)

4

Grain

The grain is sometimes straight but usually interlocked or wavy.

Texture

The texture is moderately fine to moderately coarse.

Natural Durability

This species is reportedly moderately durable. It is resistant against termites, but the sapwood can be attacked by Lyctus.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)

6

Resistance To Impregnation

The sapwood is permeable, the heartwood resistant to the preservative treatment.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)

0.64

Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)

0.71

Total shrinkage Tangential (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

6.2

Total shrinkage Radial (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

3.0

Drying Defects

Ease of Drying: Shrinkage during air drying is moderate.

Recommended Dry Kiln Schedule

JP-24

Dimensional stability ratio (Total Tangential Shrinkage %/Total Radial Shrinkage %)

2.1

Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

621

Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

121

Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)

817

Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)

677

Workability

Rotary Veneer Cutting

Lamination of this species is possible.

Sliced Veneer

Lamination of this species is possible.

Machining

The workability of this species is reported to be fair to difficult.

Planing

The wood tends to pick up in planing. The cutting angle should not exceed 20 degrees.

Moulding

The wood tends to pick up in molding. The cutting angle should not exceed 20 degrees.

Turning

30

Nailing

Nailing properties are fair to poor.

Finishing

It takes a good finishing.

Response To Hand Tools

It has a fair response to hand tools.

REFERENCED USES

End Uses Summary

EXTERIOR GENERAL, bridges, stakes posts, crossarms, crossties, HOUSING GENERAL, beams, flooring, frames, panelling, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, Decorative veneer, TURNING, SPORTS, TOOLS, agricultural tools, CONTAINERS, cooperage, truck bodies, truck flooring, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boats, boat oars, port pillar, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, moldings

Exterior General
  • 1 - Tabela de resultados de ensaios fisicos e mecanicos
Bridges
  • 2 - 25 madeiras da amazonia de valor comercial, caracterizacao, macroscopica, usos comuns e indices qualificativos
Stake Posts
  • 5 - Propriedades fisicas e mecanicas da madeira e do contraplacado de Pinus elliottii
Crossheads Crossarms
  • 7 - Maderas latinoamericanas. II, Quercus alata Q. costaricensis y Q. eugeniaefolia
Crossties
  • 8 - Maderas latinoamericas. III, Podocarpus standleyi ,Podocarpus oleifolius, Drims granadensis, Magnolia poasana y Didymopanax pittieri
General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
Beams
  • 11 - Prospect: The wood database
Flooring
  • 14 - Handbook of Hardwoods
Frames
  • 16 - Woods of the World
Paneling
  • 18 - W3TROPICOS Missouri Botanical Garden
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Panels, Veneers
  • 25 - Directory of Timber Trade Malaysia
Decorative veneer
  • 28 - Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forest of Fiji
Turning
  • 30 - Embassy of Honduras in Japan
Sports
  • 38 - Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation 1998-ITTO
Tools
  • 42 - Utilización Industrial de Nuevas Especies Forestales en el Perú.
Agricultural Tools
  • 44 - Atlas of Peruvian Woods
Containers
  • 50 - Properties of imported tropical woods
Cooperage
  • 51 - Recopilacion de propiedades mecanicas de maderas creciendo en Chile
Truck Body
  • 53 - Timbers of the New World
Truck Flooring
  • 54 - Bulletin of the Government Forest Experiment Station N.157: Identification of Tropical Woods
Shipbuilding
  • 55 - Tropical Timber Atlas of Latin America
Boats
  • 56 - Manual de Identificación de Especies Forestales de la Subregión Andina.
Boat Oars
  • 60 - Amazonian Timbers, Characteristics and Utilization Volume II; Curuá-Una Experimental Forest Station
Port Pillar
  • 61 - Manual de Diseño para Maderas del Grupo Andino
Other & Musical Instruments
  • 63 - Madeiras do Brazil II
Handcraft
  • 66 - Maderas latinoamericanas. VII. Caracteristicas anatomicas. propiedades fisicomecanicas, de secado, y tratabilidad de la madera juvenil de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. Oken.)
Molding
  • 79 - Padronização da Nomenclatura Comercial Brasileira das Madeiras Tropicais Amazônicas, Sugestão

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