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ALBIZIA (Albizia lebbeck)

Trade Name

Albizia

Scientific Name

Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.

Family

LEGUMINOSAE

Common Names

Ye-ho-shu; Womens tongue; Womans tongue tree; Vaghe; Vagei; Vaga; Tinia; Tama-kai; Sirsul; Sirisha; Siris tree; Siris; Sirin; Sirai; Samkesar; Pruek; Pedda duchirram; Mara; Mai-kokko; Lega; Lebbeck; Kinhi; Kat vaghe; Kat vage; Kal baghi; Indian albizzia; Hirih; Harreri; Gokiru; Garso; Gachoda; Frywood; East Indian walnut; Dormilon; Dirasana; Darshana; Chinchula; Chichola; Cabello de venus; Beymada; Bengha; Barba de caballero; Algarrobo de olor; Acacia amarilla; Phruek (Thailand); Kokko (France); Langil (Philippines); Tarisi (Indonesia); Oriang (Malaysia); Kokko (Myanmar); Chres (Cambodia); Kokko (Cambodia); Ka `se (Laos); Cha kham (Thailand); Kitoke (Indonesia); H[owj]p hoan (Vietnam); S[os]ng r[aaj]n (Vietnam); Suek (Thailand); Tekik (Indonesia)

Scientific Name Synonyms

Mimosa speciosa Jacq.; Mimosa lebbek Forssk.; Mimosa lebbeck L.; Inga leucoxylon Hassk.; Feuilleea lebbeck (L.) Kuntze; Acacia lebbeck (Jacq.) Willd.; Acacia lebbeck (L.) Willd.

Description Of The Tree

Botanical Description

It is a medium-sized tree reaching a height of 27 m, 60.5 cm in diameter under favorable conditions. The crown is usually very wide. It grows quite well in dry areas.

Natural Habitat

Albizia trees are described as a pioneer species in open, secondary or primary deciduous or monsoon forest and savanna and scrub vegetation.

Natural Distribution

It is probably original to tropical mainland Asia, but it is planted and naturalized throughout the tropics as an ornamental and for shade.

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Wood Identification

Anatomic Description Of Wood

Wood diffuse porous. Occasionally vessels with colored deposits. Vestured pits. Vessels per mm2 less than 6 (rare). Simple perforation plates. Vessel-ray pits similar to intervessel pits in size and shape. Intervessel pits medium, 7 to 10 micras. Intervessel pit Axial parenchyma in marginal or in seemingly marginal bands. Apotracheal axial parenchyma diffuse and/or diffuse in aggregates. Occasionally paratracheal axial parenchyma scanty and/or vasicentric. Axial parenchyma aliform. Axial parenchyma confluent. Prismati 4 to 10 rays per mm (medium). Larger rays more than 4 seriate. Homogeneous rays and/or sub-homogeneous rays (all ray cells procumbent). Occasionally septate fibers present. Fibers very thick walled. Fibers with simple to minutely bordered pits.

  • Wood Macro Photo Radial Plane
  • Wood Micro Photo Of Transversal Section

Availability

Cites Status

Unrestricted

General Wood Description

Color

The heartwood is pale brown to dark reddish-brown or golden-brown, sharply demarcated from the white to straw-colored sapwood.

COLOR INDEX (1=Black, 7=Light yellow,white)

4

Grain

The grain is sometimes straight but usually interlocked or wavy.

Texture

The texture is moderately fine to moderately coarse.

Natural Durability

The wood is non-durable to durable, and is resistant to dry-wood termites but the sapwood is susceptible to Lyctus.

Natural durability index (1= Very high durability, 7=Vey low durability)

6

Resistance To Impregnation

The sapwood is easy to preserve with water soluble products, the heartwood is untreatable.

Wood Physical Properties

Basic Density or Specific Gravity (O.D. weight/vol. green) (g/cm³)

0.58

Air-dry Density (Weight and volume at 12%MC) (g/cm³)

0.63

Total shrinkage Tangential (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

5.9

Total shrinkage Radial (Saturated to 0%MC) (%)

3.0

Recommended Dry Kiln Schedule

JP-24; UK-E; US-T6-D2

Dimensional stability ratio (Total Tangential Shrinkage %/Total Radial Shrinkage %)

2.0

Wood Chemical Properties

Wood Mechanical Properties

Compression parallel to fiber 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

667

Shear strength radial 12%MC (kgf/cm²)

173

Janka hardness (side) 12%MC (kgf)

602

Janka hardness (end grain) 12%MC (kgf)

737

Workability

Rotary Veneer Cutting

This species is reported to have good characteristics for lamination.

Sliced Veneer

This species is reported to have good characteristics for lamination.

Machining

Machining of this species is fair to difficult.

Planing

The wood tends to pick up in planing. The cutting angle should not exceed 20 degrees.

Moulding

The wood tends to pick up in molding. The cutting angle should not exceed 20 degrees.

Turning

30

Nailing

Nailing is reported as easy.

Finishing

It has a good finishing.

Response To Hand Tools

This species has a fair response to hand tools.

REFERENCED USES

End Uses Summary

HOUSING GENERAL, beams, flooring, frames, panelling, shutter boards, FURNITURE AND CABINETS, PLYWOOD AND VENEER, Decorative veneer, TURNING, BENDING, tennis rackets, SPORTS, TOOLS, agricultural tools, CONTAINERS, cooperage, truck bodies, NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, boats, boat oars, OTHER AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, handicrafts, matches, wheel, moldings

General Housing
  • 10 - Silica in Timbers
Beams
  • 11 - Prospect: The wood database
Flooring
  • 14 - Handbook of Hardwoods
Frames
  • 16 - Woods of the World
Paneling
  • 18 - W3TROPICOS Missouri Botanical Garden
Shutter Boards
  • 20 - Prospect: The wood database
Furniture Cabinets
  • 21 - Tropical timbers of the world. Part III-Southeast Asian and Oceanian Species.
Panels, Veneers
  • 25 - Directory of Timber Trade Malaysia
Decorative veneer
  • 28 - Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forest of Fiji
Turning
  • 30 - Embassy of Honduras in Japan
Bending
  • 35 - Embassy of Myanmar in Japan
Tennis Rackets
  • 37 - Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation 1998-ITTO
Sports
  • 38 - Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation 1998-ITTO
Tools
  • 42 - Utilización Industrial de Nuevas Especies Forestales en el Perú.
Agricultural Tools
  • 44 - Atlas of Peruvian Woods
Containers
  • 50 - Properties of imported tropical woods
Cooperage
  • 51 - Recopilacion de propiedades mecanicas de maderas creciendo en Chile
Truck Body
  • 53 - Timbers of the New World
Shipbuilding
  • 55 - Tropical Timber Atlas of Latin America
Boats
  • 56 - Manual de Identificación de Especies Forestales de la Subregión Andina.
Boat Oars
  • 60 - Amazonian Timbers, Characteristics and Utilization Volume II; Curuá-Una Experimental Forest Station
Other & Musical Instruments
  • 63 - Madeiras do Brazil II
Handcraft
  • 66 - Maderas latinoamericanas. VII. Caracteristicas anatomicas. propiedades fisicomecanicas, de secado, y tratabilidad de la madera juvenil de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. Oken.)
Matches
  • 71 - Proprietes physiques et mecaniques des bois tropicaux, premier supplement
Wheels
  • 75 - Tropenholzer
Molding
  • 79 - Padronização da Nomenclatura Comercial Brasileira das Madeiras Tropicais Amazônicas, Sugestão

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